Know your skin – The different types

Feb 22, 2023

Skin care is an important practice to maintain healthy and beautiful skin. However, it can be difficult to know where to start. In this article, we'll give you tips for an effective skincare routine, as well as information on the different skin types and the specific care each needs.

The different skin types

Before you start taking care of your skin, it's important to understand your skin type. The different skin types include normal skin, dry skin, oily skin, and combination skin.

Normal skin is balanced, neither too dry nor too oily. The skin is soft, smooth and even. Pores are tight, blood circulation is good and the complexion is radiant.

Dry skin lacks sebum, which can make it thin, sensitive and prone to irritation. Signs of dry skin include itching, tightness, redness and flaking.

Oily skin produces more oil than it needs, which can lead to visible pores, blackheads, and pimples. Oily skin can also have a shiny appearance.

Combination skin is a combination of two of the three conditions mentioned above. She may have oily areas, especially on the T-zone (chin, forehead, nose), while the cheeks may be normal or too dry.

How to define our skin type

If you don't have any, you can first follow this short questionnaire:

  1. Does my skin glow?
  2. Are my pores rather tight or open?
  3. Is my skin rather comfortable or tight?
  4. When I touch it, is it rather soft, rough or oily?
  5. Do I have blemishes, blackheads?

Then you can do a homemade test:

Cleanse your skin without applying anything afterwards. Wait 30 minutes.
Place strips of tissue paper or handkerchiefs, one on the nose, forehead, chin, the other on the cheeks and temples.

Press without rubbing for a minute or two

If you have significant traces of fat, the affected area is oily skin. If there is little fatty area, the skin is normal. If there are no oily marks, the skin is dry.

You can also make an appointment with us or a dermatologist for a more precise analysis.

skin care routine

An effective skincare routine includes several steps:

Cleansing: Cleansing is the first step to removing impurities, dead cells and makeup. Use a gentle cleanser suitable for your skin type, and avoid scrubbing too hard to avoid irritating your skin.

Toner: The toner helps balance your skin's pH, tighten pores and prepare your skin for subsequent care. Choose a toner suitable for your skin type.

Treatment: Treatments target specific skin issues, such as acne, dark spots or wrinkles. Choose a treatment based on your specific needs.

Hydration: Hydration is essential for all skin types. Use a moisturizer suitable for your skin type to help lock in moisture and protect your skin from external aggressors.

Sun Protection: Sun protection is important to prevent damage from the sun's UV rays. Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) suitable for your skin type.

Tips for a Successful Skincare Routine

Now that we have identified the different skin types, how can we take care of it?

normal skin

If you have normal skin, you can opt for light moisturizers to maintain your skin's natural balance. You can also use mild cleansing products to avoid irritating your skin.

Oily skin

If you have oily skin, it's important to cleanse your skin regularly to prevent oil buildup and the formation of pimples. You can opt for gentle cleansers, clay masks, and exfoliating products to help remove excess oil.

Dry skin

If you have dry skin, it's important to use rich moisturizing products to help retain moisture in your skin. You can also use mild cleansers and avoid taking too hot showers or baths, as this can dry out your skin.

Mixed skin

If you have combination skin, you can use different products on different areas of your face to meet the needs of each area. For example, you can use a mild cleanser on the cheeks and a stronger cleanser on the T-zone.


By understanding our skin type, we can take better care of our skin and prevent skin problems such as acne, dryness and sensitivity. By taking simple steps to cleanse and moisturize our skin, we can maintain healthy, glowing skin. If you have persistent skin problems, do not hesitate to come visit us or consult a dermatologist for personalized advice on skin care.